Gastrocnemius & Soleus : Prone. Knee extension, resist plantar flexion
Soleus : Prone. Knee flexion, resist plantar flexion
Tibialis Posterior : Supine. Plantar flexion and ankle inversion
Tibialis Anterior : Supine. Dorsiflexion and ankle inversion
Fibularis Longus (Peroneals) : Supine. Plantar flexion and ankle eversion
Biceps Femoris : Supine. Knee flexion and lateral rotation of leg
Semimembranosus & Semitendinosus : Supine. Knee flexion and medial rotation of leg
Hip and Innominate
Gluteus Maximus & Hamstring : Prone, Extend hip
Gluteus Maximus : Prone, Flex knee and hip extension
Gluteus Minimus & Gluteus Medius : Side-lying, Abduct hip
Gluteus Minimus : Side-lying, Abduct hip and internally rotate hip
Gluteus Medius : Side-lying, Abduct hip and externally rotate hip
Rectus Femoris & Iliopsoas : Seated, Flex hip
Iliopsoas : Seated, Flex hip more
TFL : Supine. Flex hip, abduct hip, internally rotate hip, extend knee
Sartorius: Supine. Place leg into “Figure 4” position. Take out slightly. Tell client to try to get back to original position while you resist.
Upper & Mid Back
Lower Trapezius : Prone. Abduct shoulder 150 degrees then extend shoulder
Middle Trapezius : Prone. Abduct shoulder 90 degrees with thumbs pointing up
Upper Trapezius : Seated. Elevate shoulder, look up and turn head away from elevated shoulder
Rhomboids : Prone. Abduct arm 90 degrees with thumbs pointing down
Teres Major & Latissimus Dorsi : Prone. Place clients arm behind back. Lift elbow and try to take client out of that position
Latissimus Dorsi : Prone. Bring arm off table, apply pressure downward on arm as client resists.
Supraspinatus : Standing. Abduct shoulder 90 degrees. Bring shoulder to 30 degree flexion. Pronate wrist and apply pressure downwards along arm.
Infraspinatus & Teres Minor : Standing. Shoulder external rotation
Teres Minor : Standing. Horizontal shoulder external rotation
Anterior Deltoid, Biceps Brachii & Coracobrachialis : Standing. Flex shoulder to 30 degrees with slight elbow extension
Anterior Deltoid & Coracobrachialis : Standing. Flex shoulder 90 degrees
Coracobrachialis : Standing. Flex shoulder. Apply pressure down and away from body
Anterior Deltoid : Supine. Flex shoulder and internally rotate shoulder.
Serratus Anterior : Standing. Flex shoulder 120 degrees. Place thumb along anterior-lateral border of scapula. Try and pull arm down.
Levator Scapulae : Seated. Elevate shoulder. Look down towards that shoulder
Pectoralis Minor : Supine. Protract shoulder
Pectoralis Major – Clavicular head : Supine.Extend elbow. Flex shoulder 90 degrees and adduct shoulder
Pectoralis Major – Sternal head : Supine. Extend elbow. Flex shoulder 90 degrees. Have clients hand face their opposite shoulder and adduct shoulder.
Triceps Brachii : Standing. Abduct shoulder 45 degrees with flexed elbow. Try to adduct shoulder and extend elbow
Brachioradialis : Seated. Forearm is neutral. Flex shoulder slightly. Elbow slightly extended. Have the client try to flex elbow as you try to extend the elbow
Brachialis : Seated. Pronate forearm. Flex elbow and flex shoulder. Try to extend clients elbow
Biceps Brachii : Seated. Forearm supinated. Flex elbow and flex shoulder. Try to pronate and extend shoulder and elbow of client as they resist.
Supinator & Biceps Brachii : Seated. Flex elbow with thumb pointing up. Try to pronate forearm as client tries to supinate.
Supinator : Seated. Flex shoulder and flex elbow. Try to pronate clients arm
Pronator Teres sand Quadratus : Seated. Place elbow and wrist in neutral position. Tell client to supinate forearm as your resist.
Pronator Quadratus : Seated. Fully flex elbow. Hand should be facing jaw. Try to resist client as they supinate.